Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Art Preschool Lesson Plans

Visual Art

Mediums- a list of materials that can be used to create visual art
Glitter, Crayons, Pens, Pencils, Colored Pencils, Markers, Paint, Lace, String, feathers, pipe cleaners, Yarn, Ribbon, Paper Doilies, Tissue Paper, Torn Paper, Shaped Paper, paper punches, staples, buttons, wallpaper, fabric, old magazine pictures, grocery ads, different textured paper, aluminum foil, food coloring, The Holes from a hole punch, seeds, cereal, Stickers, Sand, Twine, Old Puzzle Pieces, Buttons, Colored Glue, Colored Tape, Chalk, Wet Chalk, Wrapping Paper, Stamps, Aluminum Foil, Shaped Confetti, bingo dabbers, Glue on Candy Confections, Shaped Sponges, inked stamps, inked fingerprints, straws, toothpicks, popsicle sticks, Pasta or rice colored with food coloring, colored egg shells, pudding, koolaid, . 

Mediums 2 - use the materials above on:
Paper, construction paper, newsprint, card stock, tag board, cardboard, boxes, paper bags, shirts, cloth, paper plates, contact paper, wooden blocks, paper towel tubes, Styrofoam, paper cups, Popsicle sticks, paper towel, coffee filters, butcher paper, aluminum foil, play dough or clay, paint a rock, create a necklace, 

Techniques- ways to apply paint
Use varying size and texture brushes, with your fingers, splash it on, drip it on, roll it on, sponge it on, dab it on, brush it on, use a leaf, use a plastic toy, roll it on the tires of a toy car then onto the paper, use marbles to spread it, use a straw to blow the paint around, use a spray bottle, use a flower, use a cotton ball, use a cotton swab, use a spool as a stamp, use a twig, use a roll on deodorant container, use various objects as stamps (potatoes, apples, oranges, spatulas, legos, blocks), use cookie cutters as stamps, apply paint to wet paper, apply paint to paper towel, mix paint with shaving cream, use powdered tempera and spray with water or go out into the rain, use powdered tempera or kool aid and move an ice cube across the paper, paint over white crayon, paint over masking tape then remove the tape, Worms (yes real worms) of for the squeamish use yarn, use different sized marshmallows to make prints, bounce a ball, use a broom, create fingerprints, hand prints or footprints, roll an ear of corn, use a feather to paint, 

Children can use chalk on sidewalks, chalkboard, paper, wet paper, brown paper bags, wet brown paper bags. Chalk can be wet as well to create a different look.

Have the child trace a variety of objects, from toys, stencils, letters, blocks, their hand or foot, a bowl, cup or a friends whole body. These shapes can be decorated.

Crayon Rubbing
Place a piece of paper over cement, leaves, wood or other textures or cut sandpaper or doilies into different shapes, then rub the side of a crayon over the texture. 

Create a Mobile
Use scissors to cut out shapes from construction paper. Use non-toxic paints to color the shapes a variety of colors. Allow them to dry completely. Use a hole punch to create a hole at the top of each shape. Thread different lengths of yarn through each shape then attach to a wire hanger. Variations galore... instead of using paint, use any of the mediums listed above.

Tissue Paper 
Supply the children with many different colors of tissue paper that will bleed. Have them cut out small shapes and then place on a piece of white paper. After the paper is covered with a single layer of paper (it' okay if a few overlap) have the children paint the paper with water so the tissue paper will bleed onto the white paper. Allow to dry, remove the paper for a beautiful picture.

Measure your child's head, and cut a piece of construction paper long enough to create a headband. Glue the paper together so the headband fits snugly on your child's head but is loose enough to take off easily. Have the children cut out theme related shapes or use stickers and glue to the headband. The headbands can also be decorated using any of the mediums above. 

Sun Catchers
Supply each child with a piece of contact paper and many tissue paper squares of different colors. Have the children place the squares on the contact paper. Then trim the paper as desired and hang it in a window.

Balloon Prints
In a pie tin, place three to five teaspoon sized portions of different colored pastel tempera paint evenly spaced about the area. Inflate a small balloon to a size which will easily fit in the palm of your child's hand. Show your child how to "dip" the balloon in the paint and press firmly onto a piece of paper. Let your child mix the colors, or use one color at a time. This is messy, but the results are wonderful.

Hands Pyramid (mixing colors)
click here to see an image of this project
Paint the child's hand one color, and place three hand prints on the bottom of the page. Paint the other hand another and place one hand print at the top. Then have the child mix the paint on their hands and make two hand prints in the middle.

Contact Paper Art
click here to see an image of this project
You will need a picture. A reverse image is needed if the letter or picture can be backwards, such as the letter "E". Place the image on the table and place a piece of contact paper, sticky side up over the image. Supply the children with scraps of construction paper to tissue paper. (Pieces of a plastic lei were used for the photo of this project) Children use the scraps to create the image on the contact paper.

Bubble Art:
Click here to see an example
Supply the children with a bowl with bubble mix in it and a straw with a hole near the top to prevent children from sucking the soap up. Have the children blow into the straw while it is in the bowl creating bubbles. Then, have the child place a drop of food coloring on the top of the bubbles and quickly press a piece of paper on the top of the bubbles to create bubble prints.

Blow art:
Click here to see an example
You will need: watered down non-toxic paint, paper, pipettes and straws. Supply each child with a straw and a piece of paper. Allow the children to use the pipette (or medicine dropper NOT GLASS) to place a small amount of paint onto a piece of paper. Then, have them use the straw to blow the paint around their picture.

The oh so popular MESS FREE Marble Painting
First you need a large plastic container with a lid. (I used a shallow peanut butter container.) Next cut out paper that will fit in the lid of the container. Place a few drops of red , pink and purple paint into the container with a few marbles (be sure to observe carefully as marbles are a choking hazard) then place a very small amount of paint on the lid and pre-cut paper on the paint. (I use the paint to make the paper stick to the lid.) Place the lid on the container, flip and have the children shake. When finished, remove paper and allow to dry, and place a clean piece of paper in the lid for the next child.

Paper Plate Shaker
Take two sturdy paper plates. (The stronger the better)Place some beans on one of the plates and place the other plate on top of the first so that both eating surface areas are facing each other. Use masking tape to seal the plates together. Have your child decorate with markers, glitter, construction paper, or ribbons. When dry, shake. Shake to music, shake it each time you take a step. Shake, Shake Shake!!!

Paper Party Hats: 
You will need colored construction paper, a stapler or tape, a hole punch and yarn at the minimum. You may choose to have the children decorate the paper with markers, paint, crayons, string, glitter, or however they wish. After the paper has dried, form a cone shape to fit the child's head. Then staple or tape the shape securely. The cone shape is formed by rolling up the paper so the longer sides of the paper forms the top and bottom of the cone. After you have secured the shape with tape or staples, cut the bottom of the cone so it is even all the way around. Punch two holes in the hat near the bottom to attach a string that will secure the hat on the child's head. Tie on the string.

Nature Walk Bracelets
Place a piece of masking tape around your child's wrist, sticky side out. Explain to the children that if they find something interesting, (acorn top, twig, stone etc) they can place it on their bracelet.Shades of ______
Supply the children with a variety of shades of one color to paint or color with. Mix a little of your color with varying amounts of white. 
Mix in a couple of drops of some of the primary colors to see what happens to the paint and to create color families. 

Paint on Colored Paper
Try painting on different colors of construction paper. 

Mood Art
Have the children create art to music. Discuss how the music makes you feel... is it lively, flowing, mad? Have the children listen to the music and try to create the mood on their paper.

Red on Red
Try creating art with the same color paper as your materials such as red on red or blue on blue. 

Large boxes can be decorated with paint, markers, stickers etc. 

Students can work together to create one large piece of art on a long piece of butcher paper. 

Button Printing
Glue buttons of varying sizes and shapes onto thread spools or wooden dowels to create button stamps. The children can dip the buttons into paint or a non toxic ink pad then press onto paper to create a button print. 

Comb Art
Use a plastic comb or hair brush as a paint brush.

Cup Prints
Dip a plastic cup into paint and press the rim onto paper to make a print.

Make Collages
Supply the children with a variety of scraps of paper, yarn, ribbons, odds and ends to create a collage. 

You can create puppets from paper bags, paper plates, tag board, card stock, tongue depressors, and old socks/mittens.

The Artist's Art 
Most artwork relates to the way that a person interacts visually with the piece. Explore some of the famous artists, such a Jackson Pollack, Pablo Picasso, Leonardo Da Vinci and the artists of the books that you read to the children. Have the children try to imitate the art they see. The book to the left give many great examples of how to accomplish this with a variety of different age groups. It is geared for older children, but has its use in Early Childhood as well.

Any Art
Have the children do a variety of art projects. Display the projects like they were in a gallery. Ask the children to name their art and display the name and artist on tags next to the art.

Ideas for the Easel
Use a variety of different shades of one color
Use colored paper (construction paper, bulletin board paper)
same color paper and paint
use just two colors to see how they blend
Use colors associated with the season or holiday (orange and black for Halloween)
Provide different sized brushes, and different types of brushes, sponge brushes
Paint over crayon drawing
paint to music
Paint a feeling (angry, happy)
Paint with shaving cream mixed with paint
Paint with watered down paint
water down paint and put in a spray bottle, children can spray the paint on the paper
use bingo dabbers to paint
Paint with a toothbrush
use a spatula to paint
Paint while wearing mittens
Attach a paintbrush to a hat and have children paint with their head. 
Paint different textures of paper
Paint wet paper
paint on newsprint
use cotton balls to paint
use a branch to paint
use marshmallows to paint

Tissue Paper Art
Draw a shape on a piece of paper, such as a flower or tree or letter. Provide the children with tiny squares of tissue paper. The children will crumble the tissue paper and glue it inside the shape.

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