Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Water Preschool Lesson Plans



Theme goals:
Water is useful for: 
Cleaning
Drinking
Helping plants grow
Providing a place for animals and plants to live 

Bodies of Water::
Lake, river, stream, ocean, brook, puddle etc 

Fun with water::
Swimming, making bubbles, cooking, playing in a sprinkler, super soakers etc. 

Forms of water::
Ice, snow, rain, hail, mist, vapor etc 

Group time: 

Wet or Dry:
Cut some pictures from a magazine, or show some pictures from a book, ask your child if the objects are wet or dry? 

Rain, Rain:
Rain, rain, go away
Come again some other day
We want to go outside and play
Come again some other day
(Optional lyrics: change third line to say:
(child's name)'s friends all want to play 

It Ain't Gonna Rain :
It ain't gonna rain no more, no more
It ain't gonna rain no more,
How in the heck will we wash the neck
If it ain't gonna rain no more? It's raining, it's pouring,
It's raining, it's pouring,
The old man is snoring.
He went to bed and he
Bumped his head
And he couldn't get up in the morning. 


If All the Raindrops :
If all the raindrops were lemondrops and gumdrops
Oh, what a rain that would be!
Standing outside, with my mouth open wide
Singing La la la la, la la la, la la la,
If all the raindrops were lemondrops and gumdrops
Oh, what a rain that would be!

If all the snowflakes were candy bars and milkshakes
Oh, what a snow that would be!
Standing outside, with my mouth open wide
Singing La la la la, la la la, la la la, 
If all the snowflakes were candy bars and milkshakes
Oh, what a snow that would be!

If all the sunbeams were bubble gum and ice cream
Oh, what a sun that would be!
Standing outside, with my mouth open wide
Singing La la la la, la la la, la la la, 
If all the sunbeams were bubble gum and ice cream
Oh, what a sun that would be! 


Art: 

Kool Aid Art:
Click here to see an example
Sprinkle a little dry kool aid mix onto a piece of paper. Have your child spray water from a spray bottle onto the paper. Use different colored kool-aid mix. For added adventure, you may choose to take your children out into the rain with a piece of paper that has kool-aid on it. 

Rain Collage:
Look in a magazine or newspaper for pictures of rain, cut them out and let your child glue them onto a piece of paper for a collage. 

Spray Art:
Fill a spray bottle 3/4 full with water. Place a small amount of paint (powdered or liquid) into the water. If you use too much or do not shake well the paint will clog up the spray bottle. Do this for at least three different bottles, with three different colors. Then place a large piece of paper on the floor, on an easel, on a wall or fence outside. Then have the children spray the colored water on the paper. Allow to dry. 

Eye Dropper Art:
Set out three cups, half filled with water. Add food coloring to the water. Have your child use an eye dropped to drop the colored water onto a piece of paper towel. Notice how the water evaporates, leaving the color behind. 

Bubble Art:
Add a little food coloring to bubble mix. Go outside and blow some bubbles. Have your child catch the bubbles on a piece of paper to create bubble art!! 

Bubble Art II:
Click here to see an example
Supply the children with a bowl with bubble mix in it and a straw with a hole near the top to prevent children from sucking the soap up. Have the children blow into the straw while it is in the bowl creating bubbles. Then, have the child place a drop of food coloring on the top of the bubbles and quickly press a piece of paper on the top of the bubbles to create bubble prints. 

Paint on Wet Paper:
You can also use this as a science experiment. Explain diffusion, the spreading of the paint on the paper, through the water. 

Wet chalk art:
Soak some chalk in a bowl of water. Let the children use the chalk to draw with. Then allow the children to use dry chalk. 

Paint Washed Pictures:
Have each child create a picture with crayons. Then make a wash by diluting tempera paint with water and have the child paint the picture with the wash. You can provide different colors for a colorful effect. 

Blow art:
Click here to see an example
You will need: watered down non-toxic paint, paper, pipettes and straws. Supply each child with a straw and a piece of paper. Allow the children to use the pipette (or medicine dropper NOT GLASS) to place a small amount of paint onto a piece of paper. They may use as many colors as they wish. Then, have them use the straw to blow the paint around their picture. 

Math and Science: 

Ocean Bottle
click here to see an image of this project- image submitted by Julia
Clean out an empty plastic pop bottle. Add water, blue food coloring, and glitter, and maybe a few pebbles. Seal the bottle closed using a little hot glue, allow to completely dry before the children can play with it. Tip the bottle back and forth. roll the bottle on the floor.

Mixing Colored Water
Click here to see an image of this project - image submitted by Julia
Materials: water, food coloring, plastic eyedroppers or pipettes, white plastic egg cartons
Fill three of the spaced in your egg carton with water. Add a couple of drops of red to one, yellow to another and green to the last. Show the children how to use the eyedropper or the pipette to move the water from one spot to another. Let them experiment with mixing the colors.

Thunderstorm:
When it is raining, watch the rain. Talk about the sounds that you hear during a rain storm. What are the signs that a storm is coming. Talk about storm safety!!! 

Measuring rainfall:
On a rainy day, set out a container to measure the rainfall. Measure how much rain fell that day. Continue to measure the rain each day, and record for a few weeks. Ask your child to predict how much water will be collected. Ask at the beginning of the day and ask when it is raining. Did their answer change? 

Egg Carton Fun:
Use a plastic egg carton for this activity. Fill each hole 3/4 full with water. Add red food coloring to one hole, blue to another, and yellow to another. Give your child an eye dropper, show them how to use the eye dropper to move the colored water to clear water, notice how the color changes. Let them experiment. For older children, ask them how to make green, purple, brown, and aqua colors. 

Glass and Water Music:
Fill a couple of identical glass cups, at least four, with varying amounts of water. Tap the side of each glass with a metal spoon. Which is the highest sound and the lowest? How could we change the sound? 

Rainbow in a jar:
Take a large glass jar, fill it 3/4 with water. Drop a single drop of food coloring into the jar from about a foot above the jar, so the coloring makes it's way almost to the bottom. Try different colors. 

Will it Absorb water?:
Supply the children with pieces of material to test like pieces of cotton, plastic, wool, tin foil, etc. Supply the children with eye droppers and a cup of water. Which materials absorb water and which do not? You may also decide to do this experiment as described in sink or float (below)! 

Will it dissolve?:
Fill five clear jars with water. Take five different substances, like sugar, cereal, salt, paper, things that will dissolve, and some that won't. Ask your child which will dissolve, and which will not. Test each item in the water. 

Will it Float or Sink?:
Place a bunch of items on the floor. These items should be those that will be okay if they get wet, like blocks (plastic or wood) rubber toys, a pensil, a rock etc. Make a graph with four columns. List all the items in the first column, label the next column sink, the next float and the last results. Hold up each item and ask the children to decide if they believe the item will sink or float in water. Record the number of children who voted sink under the sink column and the number who voted for float in the float column. If you have a smaller class you could record the names of the children instead to see who is a really good estimator. Then test the item in a tub of water and record the result in the results column. Then continue with the next item. 

Celery Dye:
Place a stalk of celery in a cup with water and blue food coloring (about 10 drops in 1/4 cup water should do). Wait a day or two, and see what happens. 

Condensation:
Obtain two jars and their lids. Fill one jar with ice cold water and the other with room temperature water. Observe the results. Condensation occurs when the vapors in the air become cool enough to condense and form water droplets. 

Evaporation:
Obtain two clear plastic glasses of the same size. Measure one cup of water and place in each cup. Mark the water level of each cup with a permanent marker. Place one in a sunny window and the other somewhere else in the room. Observe the glasses of water over the nest couple of days. Ask the children where the water is going. Which is evaporating more quickly? Evaporation occurs when the particles of water become warm enough that they turn into vapors and leave the cup and escape into the air. Why did the water in the sun evaporate faster? 

Measuring water:
Provide the children with a balance and containers that can hold water. 

Creating Ice
Place water in a plastic ice tray and place it in the freezer. Every half hour take it out to inspect the ice. Ask the children why it is changing? Then after it is frozen, set it in a cup and allow it to melt again. 

Games: 

Bean Bag Puddle Toss
You need a hula hoop (the puddle) and some bean bags. You can either set up the hula hoop on it's side or on the ground. Have your child try to throw the bean bags into the puddle. 

Jump in the Puddle
Set a hula hoop on the floor. Play some music and have your child walk around the hula hoop. When the music stops, have them jump into the hoop (the puddle). 

Jump Over the Puddle
Cut out puddle shapes from blue paper or newspaper (you can have the children paint it blue). They need to be small enough for the children to be able to hop over. Then set them on the floor and ask the children to take turns hopping over the puddle. 

Raindrop fishing
Cut out several raindrop shapes from light blue construction paper. Write several numbers or letters on them. Have them laminated. Then place a paper clip on each raindrop. Make a fishing pole out of a dowel or pencil, string and a magnet. Place the raindrops on the floor and have the children sit in chairs around the raindrops. (This may work better with a few fishing poles.) Have the children try to catch a raindrop with the fishing pole. Then, when they catch one.. show it to them and ask what letter or number it is. Variation: For younger children you could make the raindrops different colors and ask what color is the raindrop Variation: Ask the child if they can catch the "a" or the "1" 

Creative Play: 

Car Wash
Fun for summer hot days. There are two ways you can do this. First is let your child help you wash your car, or you can set up a bucket with wash water, and one for rinsing and let your child wash some of their toy cars. 

Washing Dishes
My son fights with me every time I go to wash the dishes. He loves to pretend he's washing the dishes, or he will wipe the dishes with a soapy towel, or he likes to rinse to the dishes. 

Misc: 

Painting with water
You just need a paint brush, and water in a bucket, oh yeah, and a nice warm summer day. Let your child "paint" with the water, and watch how the water evaporates in the warm sun. Paint rocks, trees, the sidewalk anything!!! 

Paint with Water Books:
Obtain some of those paint with water books for older children. How do they get the color in there anyways?

Goop
Mix 2 cups water with a little food coloring, add 6 cups of cornflour/cornstarch to make goop. A great outdoor summer activity. And it is edible, but doesn't taste very good. 

Bubbles
Supply the children with bubble mix and plenty of tools to make them. Have fun! 

Water Play
A dish tub filled with water can provide entertainment as well as a great learning experience. Ideas to add to water play: a drop of food coloring, turkey basters, funnels, cups, dish soap, boats, plastic toys, brushes and sponges, ice, cold or warm water, baby dolls or play dishes to wash, toddler safe balls, items that will sink or float. 

Water Bottles:
Obtain many 20 pop bottles. Remove the labels. Fill the bottles with water and add a drop of food coloring. To seal add a little hot glue to the cap and tighten the cap. Allow to dry. For a little variety, you can add small plastic fish, glitter, baby oil, hair gel, oil, confetti, little rocks (just about anything) to the bottles. After the bottles have dried, allow the children to look and play with the bottles. 

Sprinkler Fun:
Supply the children with a sprinkler to play in on a hot summer day.

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