Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Plant Preschool Lesson Plans

Plants

Plant a garden

Let your child help you plant your flowers in the spring. Or let your child plant a seed for indoors. Make sure the plant receives the proper care so it will grow. 

Dirt
Provide the children with dirt in the sand and water table. 

Which seed is it?
Place many different kinds of seeds on a paper plate. One of each kind. Talk about the seeds with your child. Then tell your child that you are going to describe a seed, and you want them to guess which one it is. Take turns trying to guess which seed the other is describing. 

Plant a seed written by Chicky
(sung to London Bridges)
Plant a seed and water it
Water it, Water it
Plant a seed and water it
Then we'll watch it grow
Make sure that it's in the sun
In the sun, In the sun
Make sure that it's in the sun
Then we'll watch it grow 

Gardener play
Supply your child with plastic gardening tools, hats, gloves, seeds, flower pots, flower packets and watering cans to pretend to be a gardener. 

Seed Sort
Use 3 to 5 different kinds of seeds. Mix 3 to 5 of each kind of seed together. Have your child sort the seeds according to type. Ask your child which is the biggest, and which is the smallest.

Plant a Seed
Decorate a paper cup or a clay pot and plant a seed. Take care of the seed and watch it grow. 

Plant Seeds 2
Place many bean seeds in a wet paper towel in a ziplock bag. Place the bag in the sun and observe observe a couple of weeks. 

Mud Painting
Finger paint with real mud or use chocolate pudding.

Plant a Carrot Top
Cut the top off of a carrot, leave a little bit of the orange root. Place the carrot in damp soil and place in well lit area. Water appropriately. After a few weeks, check the root system. 

Nature Walk
Take a plastic bag with you on your next nature walk. Encourage your child to collect leaves and small sticks, and acorns, and put them in the bag. (You can go on a nature walk in you back yard too.) Ask your child about each item they choose to put in the bag. 

Nature Mosaic
Use the items from the nature walk to glue on a piece of paper to create a nature mosaic.

Nature Sort
Go on a nature walk sort and count the item that you have collected. 

Nature Box
Place the items you collected on the nature walk in a box. Let you child explore these items, and count them. 

Bean Counting
Supply your child with many different kinds of beans. Have your child count the beans. 

Bean Sorting
Supply your child with many different kinds of beans. Have your child sort the beans by type. 

Bean Collage
Supply your child with many different kinds of beans. Have your child glue the beans on a piece of paper to form a collage. 

Bean Measuring
Place a good amount of different kinds of beans into a dish pan. Provide different containers and cups for your child to place the beans in. Small and large. Let them experiment on their own, and with you. Let them pour the beans from one container to the other. Which container holds the most beans, or the least? 

Stages of Growth
Explain the stages of growth of a bean. If you can draw, or find pictures of the stages, laminate them, and ask your child to arrange the picture from first to last

Plant Experiments
What does a plant need to grow? You can ask the children, do a few experiments to see what plants need to grow.. sunlight, water, air...

Roots Grow Down
Cut a piece of paper towel to fit in a baby food jar. Put a little water in the jar then place grass seeds between the paper towel and the jar. The seeds will sprouts rapidly and the children will see the roots growing down and the plant pushing up toward the light. Place the lid on the jar and flip the jar upside down for a few days and observe the results.

Plants Need Warm Air
Place a wet sponge in a pan or dish with a little bit of water. Ensure there is always a little water to keep the sponge wet. Place grass seeds on the sponge and place it in the refrigerator for a week. After the week, place the sponge in the sunshine. The seeds will sprout in the sun, but not in the fridge. 

Celery Dye:
Place a stalk of celery in a cup with water and blue food coloring (about 10 drops in 1/4 cup water should do). Wait a day or two, and see what happens. This activity shows that plants get water through their roots and the movement of the water through the plant. 

Sunlight
Obtain two identical colorful flowers. Ask the children to compare the flowers. Are they the same color? Place one in the sun for a week and one in the shade for a week. Compare the flower color after a week. 

Fruit Seeds
Cut open many different fruits to observe the seeds. 

Seed Shakers
Take two sturdy paper plates. (The stronger the better) Place some seeds on one of the plates and place the other plate on top of the first so that both eating surface areas are facing each other. Use masking tape to seal the plates together. Have your child decorate with markers, glitter, construction paper, or ribbons. When dry, shake. Shake to music, shake it each time you take a step. Shake, Shake Shake!!!

What Seed do I Have?
Give each child one of each kind of seed. Pick one of those seeds. Start to describe it. It is white and round. Ask the children if they can guess which seed you have picked. This activity can also be done in pairs/groups in centers. Each child would take a turn picking and describing the seed for the others.

Seed Sound Jars
Obtain many film or prescription bottles. (Both are great items to get from parents.) Place matching seeds in two containers. I.e. 2 apple seeds, 5 watermelon seeds etc. If using film containers, seal the lids with hot glue or super glue. If using prescription containers, cover the bottles with colored contact paper. This Montessori based activity would normally be introduced to the children in the following manner: without speaking, the teacher picks up one of the containers and shakes it. Then the teacher will pick another bottle and shakes it. Then the teacher shakes the first again. The teacher will shake the bottles and compare them until it is determined if they are a match, if they are not a match, the teacher would shake his/her head "no" and set the second bottle aside, and continue by picking up another bottle and shaking it, comparing it again to the first bottle. When a match is found, the teacher shakes his/her head "yes" and places the two bottles aside, next to each other. Then continues by picking another bottle and try to find its match until all of the matches are found. The child is invited to help when prompted by the teacher, with a shoulder shrug, or by the teacher initiating the child to pick a bottle, etc. 

Count the seeds
Before you cut a piece of fruit, have your child try to guess how many seeds will be inside. Cut open the fruit and count them. How close was he/she. Write down your child's guess.. and how many seeds that were in the fruit. The next day repeat the process. Compare your results. Were there more, less, or the same amount of seeds in the two fruits. 

Graphing Seeds
Graph the number of seeds in various kinds of fruit. Before you count, ask the children which fruit they think will have the most seeds, and which they think will have the least.

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